《数据结构》知识点Day_04

面试题目二

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6-5 链式表操作集 (20 分)

2021/8/21 23:43:10 浏览:

本题要求实现链式表的操作集。

函数接口定义:

Position Find( List L, ElementType X );
List Insert( List L, ElementType X, Position P );
List Delete( List L, Position P );

其中List结构定义如下:

typedef struct LNode *PtrToLNode;
struct LNode {
    ElementType Data;
    PtrToLNode Next;
};
typedef PtrToLNode Position;
typedef PtrToLNode List;

各个操作函数的定义为:

Position Find( List L, ElementType X ):返回线性表中首次出现X的位置。若找不到则返回ERROR;

List Insert( List L, ElementType X, Position P ):将X插入在位置P指向的结点之前,返回链表的表头。如果参数P指向非法位置,则打印“Wrong Position for Insertion”,返回ERROR;

List Delete( List L, Position P ):将位置P的元素删除并返回链表的表头。若参数P指向非法位置,则打印“Wrong Position for Deletion”并返回ERROR。

裁判测试程序样例:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#define ERROR NULL
typedef int ElementType;
typedef struct LNode *PtrToLNode;
struct LNode {
    ElementType Data;
    PtrToLNode Next;
};
typedef PtrToLNode Position;
typedef PtrToLNode List;

Position Find( List L, ElementType X );
List Insert( List L, ElementType X, Position P );
List Delete( List L, Position P );

int main()
{
    List L;
    ElementType X;
    Position P, tmp;
    int N;

    L = NULL;
    scanf("%d", &N);
    while ( N-- ) {
        scanf("%d", &X);
        L = Insert(L, X, L);
        if ( L==ERROR ) printf("Wrong Answer\n");
    }
    scanf("%d", &N);
    while ( N-- ) {
        scanf("%d", &X);
        P = Find(L, X);
        if ( P == ERROR )
            printf("Finding Error: %d is not in.\n", X);
        else {
            L = Delete(L, P);
            printf("%d is found and deleted.\n", X);
            if ( L==ERROR )
                printf("Wrong Answer or Empty List.\n");
        }
    }
    L = Insert(L, X, NULL);
    if ( L==ERROR ) printf("Wrong Answer\n");
    else
        printf("%d is inserted as the last element.\n", X);
    P = (Position)malloc(sizeof(struct LNode));
    tmp = Insert(L, X, P);
    if ( tmp!=ERROR ) printf("Wrong Answer\n");
    tmp = Delete(L, P);
    if ( tmp!=ERROR ) printf("Wrong Answer\n");
    for ( P=L; P; P = P->Next ) printf("%d ", P->Data);
    return 0;
}

/* 你的代码将被嵌在这里 */

输入样例:

6
12 2 4 87 10 2
4
2 12 87 5

结尾无空行

输出样例:

2 is found and deleted.
12 is found and deleted.
87 is found and deleted.
Finding Error: 5 is not in.
5 is inserted as the last element.
Wrong Position for Insertion
Wrong Position for Deletion
10 4 2 5 

结尾无空行

AC感想:

之前做了很久都做不对,今天定下一小时,决心完成这题。没想到只用了35分钟、提交第二遍就AC了!开心!

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