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Python logging自定义字段输出及设置日志打印颜色

2021/7/21 9:10:02 浏览:

 
import json
import logging


class JsonFilter(logging.Filter):
    #此处定义字段的默认值,如果打印信息时不设置对应字段,则为默认值
    #服务服务名或者服务主机
    server = ""
    #访问ip
    ip = ""
    #访问资源路径
    sourceurl = ""
    #访问方式
    method = ""
    # 访问设备
    devices = ""
    # 访问协议
    Protocols = ""
    #访问结果的HTTP状态码
    result_Httpstatus = ""
    #访问结果的状态码
    result_status = ""
    #访问结果的msg信息
    result_msg = ""
    #访问结果的数据大小
    result_msgsize = ""
    def filter(self, record):
        record.server = self.server
        record.ip = self.ip
        record.sourceurl = self.sourceurl
        record.method = self.method
        record.devices = self.devices
        record.Protocols = self.Protocols
        record.result_Httpstatus = self.result_Httpstatus
        record.result_status = self.result_status
        record.result_msg = self.result_msg
        record.result_msgsize = self.result_msgsize
        return True



if __name__ == '__main__':

    formate = json.dumps({
    "time": "%(asctime)s",
    "levelname": "%(levelname)s",
    "server": "%(server)s",
    "ip": "%(ip)s",
    "sourceurl": "%(sourceurl)s",
    "method": "%(method)s",
    "devices": "%(devices)s",
    "Protocols": "%(Protocols)s",
    "result_Httpstatus": "%(result_Httpstatus)s",
    "result_status": "%(result_status)s",
    "result_msg": "%(result_msg)s",
    "result_msgsize": "%(result_msgsize)s",
    })
    logging.basicConfig(level=logging.DEBUG,format=formate)
    logger = logging.getLogger()
    filter_ = JsonFilter()
    logger.addFilter(filter_)

    filter_.server = '127.0.0.1:8100'
    filter_.ip = '127.0.0.1'
    filter_.sourceurl = 'http://127.0.0.1:8100/test'
    filter_.method = 'Get'
    filter_.devices = 'Chrome'
    filter_.Protocols = 'HTTP'
    filter_.result_Httpstatus = '200'
    filter_.result_status = '1001'
    filter_.result_msg = '增加成功'
    filter_.result_msgsize = '4296'
    logger.info("") #如果你需要在打印字段中设置

一个完整的例子

 
import logging
import os
from logging import handlers


class JsonFilter(logging.Filter):
    # 此处定义字段的默认值,如果打印信息时不设置对应字段,则为默认值
    # 服务服务名或者服务主机
    server = ""
    # 访问ip
    ip = ""
    # 访问资源路径
    sourceurl = ""
    # 访问方式
    method = ""
    # 访问设备
    devices = ""
    # 访问协议
    Protocols = ""
    # 访问结果的HTTP状态码
    result_Httpstatus = ""
    # 访问结果的状态码
    result_status = ""
    # 访问结果的msg信息
    result_msg = ""
    # 访问结果的数据大小
    result_msgsize = ""
    def filter(self, record):
        record.server = self.server
        record.ip = self.ip
        record.sourceurl = self.sourceurl
        record.method = self.method
        record.devices = self.devices
        record.Protocols = self.Protocols
        record.result_Httpstatus = self.result_Httpstatus
        record.result_status = self.result_status
        record.result_msg = self.result_msg
        record.result_msgsize = self.result_msgsize
        return True


class CommonLog(object):
    """
    日志记录
    """
    def __init__(self, logger, logname='Access_log'):
        self.logname = os.path.join("D:\python protest\protest", '%s' % logname)
        self.logger = logger
        self.logger.setLevel(logging.INFO)
        self.logger.propagate = False
        self.filter_ = JsonFilter()
        self.logger.addFilter(self.filter_)
        self.formatter = logging.Formatter("time:%(asctime)s - levelname:%(levelname)s - server:%(server)s - ip:%(ip)s - sourceurl:%(sourceurl)s - method:%(method)s  - devices:%(devices)s - Protocols:%(Protocols)s - result_Httpstatus:%(result_Httpstatus)s - result_status:%(result_status)s - result_msg:%(result_msg)s - result_msgsize:%(result_msgsize)s ")
    def console(self, level, message):
        # 创建一个FileHandler,用于写到本地
        fh = logging.handlers.TimedRotatingFileHandler(self.logname, when='MIDNIGHT', interval=1, encoding='utf-8')
        fh.suffix = '%Y-%m-%d.log'
        fh.setLevel(logging.INFO)
        fh.setFormatter(self.formatter)
        self.logger.addHandler(fh)

        # 创建一个StreamHandler,用于输出到控制台
        ch = logging.StreamHandler()
        ch.setLevel(logging.INFO)
        ch.setFormatter(self.formatter)
        self.logger.addHandler(ch)

        if level == 'info':
            self.logger.info(message)
        elif level == 'debug':
            self.logger.debug(message)
        elif level == 'warning':
            self.logger.warning(message)
        elif level == 'error':
            self.logger.error(message)
        # 这两行代码是为了避免日志输出重复问题
        self.logger.removeHandler(ch)
        self.logger.removeHandler(fh)
        # 关闭打开的文件
        fh.close()

    def debug(self, message):
        self.console('debug', message)

    def info(self, message):
        self.console('info', message)

    def warning(self, message):
        self.console('warning', message)

    def error(self, message):
        self.console('error', message)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    logger = logging.getLogger()
    log = CommonLog(logger)
    log.filter_.server = '127.0.0.1:8100'
    log.filter_.ip = '127.0.0.1'
    log.filter_.sourceurl = 'http://127.0.0.1:8100/test'
    log.filter_.method = 'Get'
    log.filter_.devices = 'Chrome'
    log.filter_.Protocols = 'HTTP'
    log.filter_.result_Httpstatus = '200'
    log.filter_.result_status = '1001'
    log.filter_.result_msg = '增加成功'
    log.filter_.result_msgsize = '4296'
    log.info("")  

设置日志打印颜色

# coding:utf-8
import logging
import os
from logging.handlers import RotatingFileHandler # 
import colorlog  # 控制台日志输入颜色




log_colors_config = {
    'DEBUG': 'cyan',
    'INFO': 'green',
    'WARNING': 'yellow',
    'ERROR': 'red',
    'CRITICAL': 'red',
}


class Log:
    def __init__(self, logname='Access_log'):
        self.logname = os.path.join("D:\python_protest\protest", '%s' % logname)
        self.logger = logging.getLogger()
        self.logger.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
        self.formatter = colorlog.ColoredFormatter(
        '%(log_color)s[%(asctime)s] [%(filename)s:%(lineno)d] [%(module)s:%(funcName)s] [%(levelname)s]- %(message)s',
        log_colors=log_colors_config)  # 日志输出格式
    def console(self, level, message):
        # 创建一个FileHandler,用于写到本地
        fh = logging.handlers.TimedRotatingFileHandler(self.logname, when='MIDNIGHT', interval=1, encoding='utf-8')
        fh.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
        fh.setFormatter(self.formatter)
        self.logger.addHandler(fh)

        # 创建一个StreamHandler,用于输出到控制台
        ch = logging.StreamHandler()
        ch.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
        ch.setFormatter(self.formatter)
        self.logger.addHandler(ch)

        if level == 'info':
            self.logger.info(message)
        elif level == 'debug':
            self.logger.debug(message)
        elif level == 'warning':
            self.logger.warning(message)
        elif level == 'error':
            self.logger.error(message)
        # 这两行代码是为了避免日志输出重复问题
        self.logger.removeHandler(ch)
        self.logger.removeHandler(fh)
        fh.close()  # 关闭打开的文件

    def debug(self, message):
        self.console('debug', message)

    def info(self, message):
        self.console('info', message)

    def warning(self, message):
        self.console('warning', message)

    def error(self, message):
        self.console('error', message)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    log = Log()
    log.info("测试1")  # 如果你需要在打印字段中设置
    log.debug("测试2")  # 如果你需要在打印字段中设置

                

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